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1970: First Ascent of Thunder Pyramid

Colorado's Last Centennial Peak to be Climbed

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Stewart Green & Carson Black are the only climbers alive who first climbed a Centennial peak.

Stewart Green, your About.com guide, on top of Thunder Pyramid in August, 1970 after its first ascent. Thunder Pyramid was the last of Colorado's 100 highest peaks to be climbed.

Photograph © Spencer Swanger/Stewart Green Collection
Updated October 23, 2012

As climbers, we go out into the world to have fun, to have an adventure, to find new places, and to challenge ourselves. We usually don’t think about the meaning of what we do too often or place our adventures within a greater context. It’s only later, maybe years later, that the mountains and cliffs and towers that we’ve climbed begin to assume an historical context, to have meaning beyond our own lives.

The Golden Age of Climbing

That’s how it’s been for me. I began climbing in 1965 when I was 12 years old in North Cheyenne Cañon, a Colorado Springs city park filled with bristling granite pinnacles and cliffs, in what might seem now to be the dark ages of climbing since we used goldline ropes, carried racks of angle and blade pitons and a piton hammer, and either tied the rope around our waists or fashioned a Swiss-seat harness from one-inch webbing. That era was, of course, actually a golden age when there was still so much to climb and so many mountains and cliffs were unclimbed in the United States. Climbers were just starting to regularly ascend the big walls in California’s Yosemite Valley and alpine cliffs like The Diamond on Longs Peak in Colorado.

Meet Spencer Swanger

I first met Spencer Swanger in early 1968 when I was a skinny high school kid on a Colorado Mountain Club (CMC) trip on a winter trek up 14,264-foot-high Mount Lincoln. So I adopted Spence, a Colorado Springs postal carrier, as my mountain mentor. He was 13 years older than me and was a real mountain man. He had already climbed all 54 Colorado Fourteeners by 1969. Swanger went on to become the first person to climb the hundred highest peaks in Colorado, a task he completed by soloing Red Mountain in the Culebra Range in 1977.

An Unclimbed Peak Near the Maroon Bells

That summer of 1969 on one of our climbing trips up the Maroon Bells near Aspen, we noticed, while descending South Maroon Peak, a pretty good looking mountain on the opposite ridge to the east and just south of Pyramid Peak. I looked at the topo map and saw the peak was simply labeled 13,932. No name. In those days there were no Colorado mountain lists except the Fourteeners. That’s what folks climbed. A list of the 100 highest peaks was put together in 1968 by Bill Graves and published in the CMC magazine but no one had climbed the hundred highest peaks in Colorado. Certainly Peak 13,932 wasn’t on anyone’s radar.

Peak Put on the CMC Schedule

Over the next winter we talked about that rough peak on a high ridge south of Pyramid and actually put together a plan to climb it the next summer. Spence put it on the calendar as a CMC trip for the first weekend of August and, with confidence in me, listed me as the co-leader since I had a hand in its discovery. The trip was limited to only six climbers, including us, since it appeared to have, like lots of the Elk Range mountains, lots of loose tottering rock.

Climbing Party of 6

On Sunday, August 2, Spence, myself, and four other climbers, including Carson Black; the names of the others were lost to posterity. I can’t remember them. Carson can’t either. Two years ago in 2010, a couple months before he died in a July climbing accident in Italy’s Dolomite Mountains, I asked Spence about them and he couldn’t remember either. Last night, however, Colorado Springs’ peak bagger Steve Mueller gave me a photo copy of the peak’s original register and I found those other names — Gordon Blanz, Jack Harry, and Bill Graves from Fort Collins; yep, the same Bill Graves who put together the first list of Colorado’s 100 highest in 1968, which included Peak 13,932.

Scramble up a White Gully

Early that morning, after a night of heavy rain, the six of us set off from Maroon Lake. I carried a 150-foot red perlon rope, a handful of blade pitons, 8 SMC carabiners, and a Stubai piton hammer. We hiked south on the trail from Crater Lake before cutting up grassy hillsides, skirting cliff bands, and balancing across boulders to the base of a steep couloir filled with jumbled rock, what is today called the White Gully. We scrambled up the loose gully, still the standard route up the peak, until near the top, where we exited right, finishing with a scramble over loose cliff bands to the virgin summit.

No Evidence of a Prior Ascent

On top there was no evidence that any one else had ever climbed the peak. No cairn, no register, nothing disturbed. It was the first ascent of a mountain that no one else had ever climbed, let alone probably even noticed. Yet Peak 13,932 was separated by a longer ridge than the Maroon Bells across the valley, and the saddle between Pyramid Peak and it was 70 feet lower than that between the Bells.

From Roof of the Rockies

William Bueler later wrote in his classic Colorado mountain history book Roof of the Rockies: “It is most interesting that as late as 1970 there could be found a distinctive peak of nearly 14,000 feet which apparently had not been climbed.” It was pretty amazing.

Only Climbers Alive to Have First Climbed a Centennial

It turns out that Peak 13,932 was the last of Colorado’s hundred highest ranked peaks to be climbed. All the other ones, now usually called the Centennials, were first climbed by miners, government surveyors, or early climbers like those from the San Juan Mountaineers in the 1930s. It also turns out that Carson Black, now in his seventies and I are the only climbers alive that made the first ascent of a Colorado Centennial peak!

Naming Thunder Mountain

As we sat on the summit of Peak 13,932, we munched lunch and talked about what to name the new peak. When a rumble of thunder rolled across the mountains from Snowmass Mountain and Capitol Peak, Spence said, “We better get off here. Why don’t we call it Thunder Mountain?” We all agreed. Now the name has been changed to Thunder Pyramid to reflect its proximity to its higher neighbor.

Next Ascent 4 Years Later

Looking at the old register last night, I saw that Thunder Mountain didn’t see another ascent for 4 years, when Willy Oehrli, a mountain guide from Switzerland, climbed it. The next ascent was in August 1976 by a couple guys from Los Angeles who noted, “We f…ed up, we wanted to climb Pyramid instead!”

A Special Ascent

Now Thunder Pyramid is regularly climbed by peak baggers but for me, even after climbing hundreds of first ascents of rock routes and doing early ascents of desert towers around Moab, my ascent in the summer of 1970 with Spencer Swanger, the Centennial Man, of Peak 13,932, Thunder Mountain, is a special memory. I feel lucky to have been part of Colorado mountain climbing history.

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