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Glossary of Mountain and Rock Features

What is an arête, bucket, or a crevasse? Find out here what all the words for mountain and rock features that climbers use.

Arête
Definition of Arête, a climbing word for a sharp ridge or steep edge.

Boulder
Definition of Boulder, a climbing word for a large block of rock.

Chickenhead
Definition of Chickenhead, a climbing word for a natural protrusion of rock that is often used for a hold.

Chimney
Definition of Chimney, a climbing word for a crack that is wide enough to fit inside of.

Cirque
Definition of Cirque, a climbing word for a glacier-carved basin.

Cornice
Definition of Cornice, a climbing word for an overhang of ice on a mountain ridge.

Couloir
Definition of Couloir, a climbing word for an icy or snowy gully on a mountain peak.

Crack
Definition of Crack, a climbing word for a fissure in a cliff face.

Crevasse
Definition of Crevasse, a climbing word for a crack in a glacier.

Cwm
Definition of Cwm, a climbing word for a glacier-carved basin or alpine cirque.

Dihedral
Definition of Dihedral, a climbing word for a vertical right-angled corner on a cliff.

Flared Crack
Definition of Flared Crack, climbing words for a crack that flared or wider at its front than back.

Gendarme
Definition of Gendarme, a climbing word for a pinnacle on a mountain ridge.

Granite
Definition of Granite, a climbing word for a hard crystalline igneous rock that occurs throughout the world

Hueco
Definition of Hueco, a hole in rock used as a handhold and foothold.

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