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Mountain Climbing

Learn here about mountaineering or the sport of climbing mountains, one of the finest outdoor opportunities for the lover of high places. Mountain climbing is about challenge and perseverance, about putting hands and feet onto rocks and ice and snow and finally reaching a summit.
  1. 8,000-Meter Mountains (37)
  2. Colorado's Fourteeners (23)
  3. The Seven Summits (21)
  4. U.S. State High Points (23)
  5. Sacred Mountains (11)
  6. Mount Everest (16)

What is Mountain Climbing?
Learn here about mountaineering or the sport of climbing mountains, one of the finest outdoor opportunities for the lover of high places. Mountain climbing is about challenge and perseverance, about putting hands and feet onto rocks and ice and snow and finally reaching a summit.

Is Mountain Climbing Hazardous to Your Health?
A 2006 study shows that climbing mountains is hazardous to your brain, with the lack of oxygen causing brain damage and loss of brain cells.

Highest Mountains in the World
The worlds 14 highest mountains are an exclusive club of peaks whose summits tower more than 8,000 meters (26,247 feet) above sea level.The Eight Thousanders all lie in the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges in central Asia.

Mount Everest: Highest Mountain in the World
Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, stretches along the border of Nepal and Tibet/China in southern Asia. Find out lots of interesting facts about Mount Everest, including its first ascent, the usual climbing routes, and strange feats on the roof of the world.

List of Canadian Provincial and Territorial High Points
Check out this list of all the high points for the Canadian provinces and territories. It's a tough climbing list to complete since many of the mountains are remote and difficult to reach, including Mount Logan, the 2nd highest mountain in North America.

The Second Seven Summits
The Second Seven Summits are the second highest mountains on each of the seven continents. Some of the mountains like K2 and Mount Tyree are very difficult and rarely climbed. As of 2010, no one has climbed the Second Seven Summits. Who will be first?

List of California’s Fourteeners
California, with the highest peak in the contiguous US, offers 13 Fourteeners or peaks above 14,000 feet for climbers. Check out this complete list of all the Fourteeners, their elevations and mountain ranges, and 10 sub-peaks.

List of New Hampshire 4,000-Foot Peaks
A complete list of New Hampshire's 48 4,000-foot-high mountains. New Hampshire, with the highest peak in New England, has 48 mountains that rise above 4,000 feet. Check out this complete list of all the Four-Thousanders, their elevations, and their mountain ranges.

Mount Fuji: Japans Most Famous Mountain
Learn interesting facts about Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan and one of the world's most beautiful and famous mountains, and how to climb Fuji-san.

Gangkhar Puensum: World’s Highest Unclimbed Mountain
Learn all about Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan, the world's highest unclimbed mountain.

Mont Blanc: Highest Mountain in Western Europe
Learn all about Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in western Europe and the Alps, and a popular mountain for climbers.

Matterhorn: Switzerland’s Most Famous Mountain
Learn all about about the Matterhorn and climbing the Matterhorn, Switzerland's most famous mountain.

Snowdon: Britain's Most Famous Mountain
Learn all about Snowdon, the most climbed mountain in Great Britain as well as its most famous peak. Find out lots of interesting facts about Snowdon and how to climb its ridges and cliffs.

Pico de Orizaba: Highest Mountain in Mexico
Learn here about Pico de Orizaba, the highest mountain in Mexico and the highest volcano in North America.

Iztaccíhuatl: Third Highest Mountain in Mexico
All about Iztaccihuatl, the third highest mountain in Mexico, the seventh highest in North America, and a popular high-altitude climb.

Climbing Stetind — Rock Climbing on Norway’s National Mountain
A route description and photograph of the Normal Route, the usual rock climbing route used to climb to the summit of Stetind, Norway's National Monument.

Mount Elbrus Russias Highest Mountain
Learn all about Mount Elbrus, the highest mountain in Europe, one of the Seven Summits, and one of the most popular but deadliest high mountains in the world for climbers.

Facts About Denali / Mount McKinley — Highest Mountain in North America
Learn interesting climbing history and geographic facts about Denali, also called Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in North America, the United States, and Alaska, and one of the Seven Summits.

El Capitan: Yosemite Valley’s Biggest Cliff
El Capitan, a 3,000-foot-high granite monolith, is the climbing icon of Yosemite National Park. Some of the most famous climbing routes in the world ascend El Capitan, including The Nose and Salathe Wall. Learn lots of interesting facts about El Capitan, including Captain Kirk's ascent in 2287, El Cap geology, and the 1958 first ascent.

Facts About Mount Shasta
Mount Shasta towers majestically above northern California. This massive stratovolcano, one of California's Fourteeners, has a long colorful history and is a popular mountain for climbers. Find out lots of interesting facts and Mount Shasta's geology, volcanism, history, ascents, and how to climb it.

Fast Facts About Mount Kenya
Learn all about Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa and the highest mountain in Kenya. Mount Kenya is popular with rock climbers and mountaineers since it offers a greater challenge than Kilimanjaro.

Fast Facts About Chimborazo
Learn all about Chimborazo, the highest mountain in Ecuador and one of the highest volcanos in the world. Chimborazo is a popular mountain for climbers with excellent snow and ice routes up its glaciated flanks.

Mount Kinabalu: Borneo’s Highest Mountain
Learn lots of interesting facts about Mount Kinabalu, the highest mountain in Borneo and a refuge for exotic plants and orangutans.

Nevado Ojos del Salado — South America’s Second Highest Mountain
Ojos del Salado is the second highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere and the highest mountain in Chile. Learn more about the world's highest active volcano, including a controversy over its elevation and where the world's highest lake is located.

Mount Foraker: Alaska’s Third Highest Mountain
Mount Foraker, also called Sultana, is Alaska's third highest mountain and appears from a distance to be a twin to Denali. Find out lots of interesting facts about Mount Foraker, including it's discovery, different names, first ascent, and other routes up its steep snowy faces and ridges.

Yoga Cave -- Exploring a British Cave System
Yoga Cave, a small cave system in England's Peak District, offers an excellent caving adventure for novice cavers. The cave is relatively easy to explore and has a notorious section called The Corpse Crawl where the caver has to crawl through a passageway half-filled with water.

Medieval Chamber -- A Climbing and Canyoneering Adventure Near Moab
Explore the Medieval Chamber, a fabulous canyoneering adventure with a couple big rappels, some scrambling, and great hiking through a sandstone canyon in the red rock country east of Moab, Utah.

Grand Teton: Wyoming’s Second Highest Mountain
The Grand Teton, the second highest mountain in Wyoming, is one of America's most famous mountains with over 85 climbing routes and variations to its rocky 13,775-foot summit. Learn lots of interesting facts about the Grand Teton, including its name, geology, historic ascents, the peak's two most popular routes, and the controversy over its...

Grand Teton National Park Climbing and Mountaineering
Grand Teton National Park is America's premier area for alpine rock climbing, mountaineering, and ice and snow climbing. Climbers come to test themselves on soaring rocky ridges, steep icy couloirs, and steep rock faces. While the Tetons offers thousands of climbing routes, most climbers come to ascend the Grand Teton, its highest peak and one...

Grand Teton National Park: Climbing Trip Planning Information
Grand Teton National Park with its majestic Teton Range is one of America's premier alpine climbing areas. Plan your next climbing trip to the Tetons with lots of useful trip planning information, including camping, finding a guide, climbing guidebooks, climbing restrictions and permits, and the best climbing seasons.

Climbing Harney Peak: South Dakota's High Point
Harney Peak, the highest mountain in South Dakota, is a popular and easy hike up a good trail. Read about Harney Peak and a complete route description, then make plans to climb this US state high point.

Pilot Rock: Highest Mountain in Petrified Forest National Park
Pilot Rock is the highest mountain in Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona. Check out lots of facts about this volcanic peak in one of the world's premier fossil areas.

Climbing Pilot Rock
Pilot Rock, the highest peak in Petrified Forest National Park, is reached by a seven-mile hike across the Painted Desert. Get a route description and hiking tips to plan your climb up Pilot Rock.

Raptor and Wildlife Cliff Closures
Climbers, like birds of prey, like high places. Cliffs, crags, and mountains provide important wildlife habitat, so many climbing areas have seasonal closures to protect nesting birds and other animals. Find out more about wildlife closures at American climbing areas and where to find a list of closed areas.

How Much Money Do You Need for an Expedition
How do you organize and pay for your own climbing expedition to scale a big peak or big wall in a remote part of the world? Find out how much money it takes to fund an expedition; how to plan an expedition; and what the main items you will spend money on. Now make a plan, make a budget, raise the cash, and go climbing!

The 5 Greatest Mount Everest Climbers
Reinhold Messner, one of the greatest Mount Everest climbers made the first ascent without supplemental oxygen with Peter Habeler in 1978 and then did the first ascent of a new route on the North Face alone.

Three Types of Hazardous Avalanche Terrain
Traveling across snowy landscapes in winter can be hazardous to climbers, hikers, skiers, and snowmobilers. Learn to recognize the three types of avalanche terrain and how to evaluate slopes to determine if you can safely cross them without causing an avalanche.

How Many 8,000-Meter Summits are in the World?
How many 8,000-meter summits are in the world? The short answer is 14. That, however, is the number of summits with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. If every summit above 8,000 meters is considered a separate mountain, then there are 35 8,000-meter peaks. Learn more about all these high summits and the concept of prominence.

Fast Facts About Cayambe
Learn all about Volcán Cayambe, the 3rd highest mountain in ecuador, an active volcano, and the highest point on the equator. Cayambe is a popular mountain for climbers with easy accessibility and a moderate route up big glaciers.

How to Climb Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan, is climbed every year by almost 400,000 people. Find out how to climb Mount Fuji; the best seasons to climb Fuji-san; how to avoid crowds on Mount Fuji; accidents and fatalities on Mount Fuji; and what the ascent is like.

3 Types of Rock for Climbing: Granite, Sandstone & Limestone
Climbers become intimate with different types of rock, discovering that the characteristics of different rocks creates different climbing experiences. Three of the main rocks for climbing--granite, sandstone, and limestone--are some of the best and most common rock mediums for climbers to practice their vertical sport. Find out more about these 3 rock types, how they were formed; the characteristics that allow climbers to ascend them; and their main exposures at American climbing areas.

Avalanche Awareness
Learn all about avalanche safety and precautions at the National Snow and Ice Data Center's website.

Climbing Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is a popular peak for lots of climbers. Learn basic information to climb Kilimanjaro, including acclimatization, finding an outfitter, hiring anguides and porters, and why it's such a strenuous climb.

Facts About Shiprock — Sacred Navajo Peak in New Mexico
Shiprock, a towering rock mountain in northwestern New Mexico, is sacred to the Navajo Indians. Shiprock figures prominently in many Navajo legends and myths. Find out about Shiprock's geology, climbing history, and Navajo mythology.

Facts About Baboquivari Peak
Baboquivari, a giant rock peak in southern Arizona, is a sacred mountain to the Tohono O'odham Indians who revere it as the home of Elder Brother. Babo is also popular with climbers for its long adventure routes. Learn more about Baboquivari, its legends, history, first ascent, and significant routes.

Should I Go on a Guided or Non-Guided Expedition to Mount Everest?

Facts About Mount Sneffels

Death on Mount Everest

The Spirit of the Mountains
Mountains, high cliffs, and summits have always been sacred places to humans and climbers all over the world. Find out more about mountains as sacred places, including sacred mountains in Judeo-Christian mythology, as well as sacred peaks in Greece, Japan, and Asia. America too has many sacred mountains like the four sacred mountains of the...

5 Sacred Climbing Areas in the American West
Many climbing areas around the United States are sacred ground to Native Americans. Learn about Shiprock, Baboquivari, The Black Hills, Devil's Tower, and Indian Creek Canyon and why these unique and beautiful places are sacred to Native American tribes, including the Lakota Sioux, Navajo, Tohono O'odham, and the ancient Anasazi.

The Yeti: Legend, Lore, and Climbing Mystery
The Yeti is a powerful mythological creature that lives in the high mountains in the Himalayas in central Asia. While there have been many sightings as well as some mysterious footprints, little firm scientific evidence proves the existence of the elusive Yeti. Read what a Yeti is; what the indigenous people call the Yeti; and the first reports by westerners about the Yeti.

Huascarán — Peru’s Highest Mountain
Huascaran, the highest mountain in Peru and fourth highest in South America, is one of Peru's most beautiful mountain peaks.

The Matterhorn: Photographs and Climbing Quotes of a Classic Mountain Peak
Photographs and quotes by famous climbers about the Matterhorn, Switzerland's most famous mountain.

Mount Fuji: The Art of Japan's Sacred Mountain
Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan and one of the world's most beautiful mountains, is sacred to the Japanese people. Mount Fuji occurs in many folktales as well as art works. Learn about artist Hokasai's interpretations of Mount Fuji in his classic "36 Views of Mount Fuji" woodblock prints.

Ibuprofen Helps Prevent Acute Mountain Sickness
High-altitude climbers who take ibuprofen are less likely to develop altitude mountain sickness when climbing to higher elevations. Ibuprofen decreases swelling in the brain, lowers risk of headaches, and allows the body to adjust to decreased oxygen.

Grand Teton Ascent and Descent Climbing Records
In 2012 Spanish mountain runner Kilian Jornet Burgada broke a 29-year-old ascent and descent climbing record on the Grand Teton. Ten days later ranger Andy Anderson broke the new record without using shortcuts.

Environmentalists Steal American Summit Registers
Environmental elitists steal registers from American Mountain summits, including Colorado Fourteeners, because they think registers are trash and a symbol of collecting. Read more about disappearing registers on American peaks.

Ginkgo Biloba: Miracle Natural Drug for Altitude Sickness?
An extract of Ginkgo bilboa, a natural herbal remedy, has been shown to help alleviate and prevent symptoms of altitude sickness or acute mountain sickness, including nausea and headaches, in mountain climbers.

List of Firsts on K2--Climbing the World's 2nd Highest Mountain
K2, the world's second highest mountain, is one of its most difficult and dangerous to climb. Here is a list of all the firsts on K2, including the first climbing attempt, the first ascent, the first Americans to climb it, first woman ascent, first ski descent, and first death.

Evidence of Yetis Found in Central Russia?
A 2011 conference in central Russia said that there was "irrefutable evidence," particularly in the Kemerovo state in Russia, that proves that the Yeti and Bigfoot creatures exist. Some scientists, however, disputed the findings and said that the evidence was faked. Read more about Yetis and proof of their existence.

Downclimbing: How to Evaluate Mountain Terrain
Descending a mountain face or ridge by downclimbing is an important alpine climbing skill that every competent mountaineer must master. Learn how to evaluate a descent route on a mountain before you commit to downclimbing and rappelling it.

How to Downclimb Off a Cliff or Peak
It's usually safer to downclimb off the top of a mountain or cliff rather than rappel. Learn how to downclimb steep terrain, when you should face out and when you should face in, and how to downclimb safely and avoid climbing dangers.

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